conflict in a clockwork orange

Students who find writing to be a difficult task. Sigmund Freud’s Theories | Simply Psychology. Rather than behave in accordance with social norms, these characters try to live as honestly as then can, doing simply what they want to do. In Part 1, as a brutish anti-hero, Alex consciously chooses to do wrong and to embody his absolute free will. Alex examines as well as explains society and the differences between each culture for the reader:             New York: Philosophical Library. Dystopian Setting Winston in the Ministry of Love, Room 101 Symbolism in A Clockwork Orange Said on "Alex drinks milk with almost every meal. At the beginning of the novel the main character, Alex, decides to be an evil boy who goes against the rules of society and creates fear within people. Available at:, Gnanasekaran, R. (2014) Psychological Interpretation of the novel The Stranger by Camus. Retrieved 11:56, October 18, 2020, from

... Alex resolves his personal problems—his conflict with society—by making society accept him. We’ve got you covered.

Available from:, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Alex only reaches maturity, conscious morality and safety when his conditioning is removed and he is ‘cured’, going as far as comparing good without will to a disease. Only by chapter 21 – the ‘end of the song’ – does Alex have the free will to do good, forge his own meaning and purpose, and live an existentially authentic life. A Clockwork Orange is Anthony Burgess’s most famous novel and its impact on literary, musical and visual culture has been extensive.

this essay is not unique. The raping of F. Alexander’s wife could be of symbolic significance to Burgess himself who’s own wife was raped, representing the unbalanced personality of such a criminal and the shockingly disturbing whilst personal nature of the crime. It is set in a dismal dystopian England and presents a first-person account of a juvenile delinquent who undergoes state-sponsored psychological rehabilitation for his aberrant behavior. State University of New York Press, Crowell, Steven, “Existentialism”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2015 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed. Only one day after his mother’s funeral Meursault finds himself lusting after and sleeping with Marie. 21 was significantly the voting age in England in 1962 when the novel was published, thus a structural reinforcement of moral maturity for Alex. The structure of the whole novel in fact is significant. Both Alex and Meursault seem to be characters void of morals and higher purpose, creating any purpose they can in immorality or selfishness. The "bildungsroman" framework for a novel exists in many timeless classics; however, the framework of Anthony Burgess's novel A Clockwork Orange does not follow this schematic exactly.

In this sense, Meursault seems to display more absurd philosophical tendencies; acting as though nothing has meaning or purpose but accepting this and living on in spite of it, consequently acting amoral out of recklessness and lack of care. Both characters end up surprisingly content, comfortable in their change – Alex to a good man and Meursault to a man at peace with his personal philosophy. What conflicts do you observe in this novel? Alternatively, you could view the constant repetition of ‘What’s it going to be then, eh?’ as Alex desperately questioning his direction and purpose. MegaEssays, "A Clockwork Orange.,", (accessed October 18, 2020). You According to Sartre, we are thrown into existence without a predetermined future and construct our own nature or essence through our free choice and actions. Despite his distant relationship with his mother, Meursault seems to need to replace this nurturing female figure immediately but takes it immediately to a sexual level, acting solely on the desires of the Id. He comes to a full acceptance of his absurd position in the universe and finds comfort in that, dispelling any criticism that absurdism attracted for its alleged pessimism in the religious early 1940s. Sartre, J. and Frechtman, B. "A Clockwork Orange."

Oedipus complex | psychology. A Clockwork Orange. (45)             ‘I fired four more times at the motionless body’, notes Meursault, ‘I don’t know why, but something inside me snapped.’ These further shots served no purpose: the Arab was dead. By doing this he evoids completely the goodness, so then the balance that a person should have with good and bad things falls completely and turns him into an awful killing machine.Beating, robbing, raping and murdering are some of the many things that come from a person how because of the choices he made become into. This point is reinforced when Alex leaves prison, a ‘free’ and harmless man. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, “The theme of morality and ethics in A Clockwork Orange.”, The theme of morality and ethics in A Clockwork Orange [Internet]. With Alex’s passive parents and their somewhat distanced relationship to him, he finds comfort and a father figure in F. Alexander. 2020 © Attention!

With 3 parts each divided in to 7 chapters, the novel assumes an ABA structure echoing that of an operatic song[8] – a symbol of Alex’s musical interest that is used against him. All Rights Reserved. Internal: the main internal conflict of the novel A Clockwork Orange is the right to have free will decisions vs. imposing against free will to have better citizens. Available at:, Encyclopedia Britannica, (2015). Clearly influenced by some outlook of existential philosophy, Burgess discusses throughout ‘A Clockwork Orange’ how forcing man to be good is worse than allowing a man to choose evil; the truest malevolence is forced benevolence. Available at: I believe the strongest conflicts in the novel are: Internal: The main internal conflict of the novel is the importance of free will vs. following society’s rules.

Similarly, Meursault subverts from social expectations and acts upon his own free will, not justifying or considering the implications of his actions. This murderous desire experienced by both Alex and Meursault is known in psychoanalytic terms as the Thanatos instinct. Meursault’s instance, however, is less explicit. Aside from Alex's failure to face moral conflict, A Clockwork Orange follows the "bildungsroman" framework. A Clockwork Orange (Criminology Theories) In the year 1962, there was a boy by the name of Alex DeLarge, and he was the leader of a gang called the “droogs.” He has three best friends named Georgie, Dim, and Pete who also make up the entirety of the gang along with Alex., (December 31, 1969). If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. ), URL =, Morris, Robert K. (1971). This conflict will remain with Alex as other problems develop that imply the same type of conflict. (1969, December 31). The Id is the part of human personality that is driven by primary instinct, acting in accordance of selfish pleasure and a desire for instant gratification. Whilst ‘A Clockwork Orange’ seems to lean more towards an existentialist philosophy, heavily influenced by Burgess’ own opinions, ‘The Outsider’ concludes as an absurdist work describing absurdism in it’s truest form and articulating the thoughts of Camus, the father of absurdism himself. The use of the positive adjective ‘gentle’ along with the imagery of vitality in his surroundings reinforces this positive look at the philosophy whilst seeming to juxtapose Meursault’s coming execution. Want us to write one just for you? The Bitter Fruits of Freedom. In raping F. Alexander’s wife, Alex transgresses boundaries in committing symbolic incest, rape and adultery, showing the lack of balance in his personality and the triumphant dictatorship of the Id in his mind. In the future, a sadistic gang leader is imprisoned and volunteers for a conduct-aversion experiment, but it doesn't go as planned.

"The day was different from the night. (1947). ‘Is a man who chooses the bad perhaps in some way better than a man who has the good imposed upon him?’ questions the Chaplain in criticism of Alex’s treatment. Existentialism is the belief that through a combination of awareness, free will, and personal responsibility, one can construct their own meaning within a world that intrinsically has none of its own. The Specter of the Absurd: Sources and Criticisms of Modern Nihilism. Meursault carried on firing because his Id was dominant and a burning murderous desire built up inside him. (20) Alex would neither be able to explain nor denounce any aspect of society if he did not scrutinize it. 2018 May 14 [cited 2020 Oct 18]. Available at:,, (2016). Hmm… Could this mean that the milk-drinking teenagers are bunch of babies? Yet, none of the adults seem to be drinking it. It could certainly be argued that Meursault represents Camus himself. Like Alex, Meursault too encounters a Chaplain while in prison. By now, you're familiar with the major division of conflicts in literature (and, perhaps, in life)--internal and external. This may come from the violent society that they come from but also because of the lack of education and respect in their life.

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