catalonia independence day

In short, by holding two referendums in contravention of Spain’s 1978 constitution, which is founded on the “indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation”. The statement, delivered by ANC president Elisenda Paluzie, played on a slogan often used by the Catalan independence movement to ask the Madrid government for dialogue. Sánchez has warned his caretaker government could apply article 155 if necessary, but he has also spoken of the need for coexistence in the region. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. On the positive side, the less confrontational Pedro Sánchez is now Prime Minister of Spain. But even though successive pro-independence Catalan governments have purported to speak for all Catalans, polls have consistently shown the region is evenly split on the independence issue. One of these issues is the possibility that the Supreme Court could remove regional premier Quim Torra from office for violating electoral legislation when he refused to take down a politically charged banner from a public building in March 2019, ahead of a general election in April as well as municipal and European elections on May 26. In most of Spain’s 17 autonomous regions, annual fiestas celebrate something positive, a victory or triumph of some kind. In the aftermath of this health crisis, things will look very different in Catalonia and the rest of Spain; no one knows where that will leave the independence issue. The Catalan independence movement (Catalan: independentisme català; Spanish: independentismo catalán) is a social and political movement with roots in Catalan nationalism, which seeks the independence of Catalonia from Spain, along with some in the movement supporting the independence of North Catalonia from France and that of other Catalan Countries. However, direct action – including the blocking of roads and railway lines – is expected from the so-called Committees for the Defence of the Republic. The Brexit vote, widely regarded as a sort of national suicide in Spain (people still stop me in the street to commiserate), is often held up as an awful warning – a terrible example of what can happen when you consult the people rather than the experts. In November 2014, Mas’s government held a symbolic, non-binding independence referendum in defiance of Spain’s constitutional court, which had ruled the vote illegal. The Catalan declaration of independence (Catalan: Declaració d'independència de Catalunya; Spanish: ... Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy gave a short news conference on the following day, giving Puigdemont five days to confirm whether he had declared Catalonia’s independence or not. Scotland’s referendum on independence from the United Kingdom in September 2014, although ultimately unsuccessful, galvanized the independence movement in Catalonia.

Coronavirus health restrictions are reducing the size and scope of public events for this year’s Catalonia Day, held every September 11 to mark the anniversary of the fall of Barcelona in 1714 during the War of Spanish Succession.. As Spain struggles through a second wave of Covid-19 infections, a pro-independence organization called Assemblea Nacional Catalana (ANC) is still … Three Catalan pro-independence parties won 47.7% of the vote and 70 seats in the 135-seat regional parliament at the election in December 2017. Pro-independence parties have never managed to take 50% of the vote in regional elections. In terms of getting under the skin of Spain’s central government, the illegal referendum on independence held on 1 October 2017 was a huge success. Both leaders also asked secessionist politicians for a timeline for achieving independence. During the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1939), the Generalitat de Catalunya (the autonomous government of Catalonia) institutionalized the celebration.

But in Catalonia it’s an annual reminder of defeat, of an ancient grievance never to be forgiven or forgotten. Calls for independence grew as Spain endured a painful and protracted economic crisis. While some Catalans have long dreamed of independence, the issue has only risen to the fore in recent years. Artur Mas, the then Catalan president, switched to supporting independence in 2011 at a time of widespread anger over his centre-right Convergence and Union (CiU) party’s austerity policies. Throughout the day, there are patriotic demonstrations and cultural eve… Or are all those calls for independence just an irresistibly satisfying way of annoying Madrid? It seems that a majority of Catalans want a legal referendum, but in the past polls have suggested that if they had one, it’s unlikely there would be a majority for independence.

Direct rule was lifted in June 2018 when the new Catalan government was sworn in. But to judge from the rhetoric of the leaders of both ANC and Òmnium, the political division displayed by the region’s separatist parties did not help draw supporters out in the street, either. The dictatorship of Primo de Rivera banned the celebration. But the demonstrations caused 17 wounded, five policemen and 12 protesters, and several arrests. All rights reserved. Catalan premier Quim Torra (c) and regional government spokesperson Meritxell Budó on Catalonia Day. The Covid-19 pandemic is also expected to reduce turnout at the street marches that take place every September 11 in the evening. Known locally as “la Diada,” the celebration has recently become a show of support for independence from Spain, with supporters turning out by the hundreds of thousands. Will the #IStandWithDan brigade still unbutton for Sutton? But deep down, does Catalonia really want that? But on Friday, the only image of political unity was provided by the traditional offering of flowers at the foot of the statue of Rafael Casanova, a hero of the 1714 Siege of Barcelona.

While Puigdemont, Torra and others favour maintaining the pressure on Madrid by following a unilateral path towards independence, Junqueras’s party, the Catalan Republican Left, is pushing for a less confrontational and more practical approach. Internal affairs must be solved according to their constitution and laws", "Seibert: Sorge über erneuten Verfassungsbruch", "Georgia fully supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom of Spain and stands in solidarity W/ the Spanish Government", "The declaration of Catalonian independence is a matter of Spanish internal affairs", "India says #Catalonia should address issues of identity and culture within #Spain's constitutional framework & respect national integrity", "The Irish government says it does not recognise Catalan independence", "El ministro de Exteriores italiano asegura que Italia "no reconoce ni reconocerá" la DUI", "Israel refuses to support Spain against Catalan independence", "Israel definitively refuses to give way to Spain's diplomatic pressure", "Foreign Ministry Issues First Statement on Catalonia Crisis", "Malaysia does not recognise Catalan independence", "Malta refuses to recognise Catalan independence", "Morocco rejects the unilateral process of the independence of Catalonia, and expresses its attachment to Spain sovereignty and territorial integrity", "Cuenta oficial de Twitter de Enrique Peña Nieto", "FM #Eriksen Søreide:Norway will not recognize unilateral declaration of Independence #Catalonia. Critics have accused him of a cynical manoeuvre to redirect that fury against the central government in Madrid. Less than an hour later, the Spanish senate approved the use of article 155 of the constitution, which allowed Rajoy’s government to assume direct rule of Catalonia, sack Puigdemont and his cabinet, and call a snap regional election. In 2010, support for secession hovered at about 20%. Convergence and Union leader Artur Mas called for the long-promised, albeit nonbinding, independence referendum to be held on November 9, 2014. Catalan nationalists point to the day Barcelona fell, 11 September 1714, as the point when Madrid began to strip their homeland of its ancient privileges, and three centuries of subjugation and repression began. Pro-independence parties managed to get a law for the referendum passed in the regional parliament in early September 2017, despite furious objections from opposition MPs, who said usual procedures had been disregarded. Nine of them were cleared of violent rebellion but convicted of the lesser charges of sedition and misuse of public funds. The day known as 'Festa Nacional de Catalunya' or 'Diada' and marks "Catalans to celebrate Their National Day with Independence Protests", Official website of the National Day of Catalonia,, Articles to be expanded from September 2014, Articles needing translation from Catalan Wikipedia, Articles containing Catalan-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Flag hoisting, floral offerings, singing patriotic songs and. And for a region proud of its prosperity and commercial nous, the economic consequences could be disastrous: the protests following the 2017 referendum led to the exodus of a number of Catalonia-based companies. “No more battles or sterile debates. In the unlikely event that the powerful economic and political arguments failed, the awful prospect of Barcelona dropping out of the Spanish football league – thereby losing the chance to beat Real Madrid twice a year – is likely to seal the deal. Barcelona Mayor Ada Colau avoided making political statements and simply said that this year’s Diada “is not the one that we wanted.” She also asked citizens to “take care of one another and join forces, because there are difficult months ahead and we all need to give the best of ourselves.”. First published on Mon 14 Oct 2019 02.35 EDT.

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